Just some chosen databases that might assist in researching the subject of academic expertise. The notion of applicable know-how was developed in the twentieth century by thinkers resembling E. F. Schumacher and Jacques Ellul to describe situations the place it was not desirable to make use of very new technologies or people who required entry to some centralized infrastructure or components or expertise imported from elsewhere.
Among the most poignant criticisms of expertise are found in what are actually thought of to be dystopian literary classics reminiscent of Aldous Huxley ‘s Courageous New World , Anthony Burgess ‘s A Clockwork Orange , and George Orwell ‘s Nineteen Eighty-Four In Goethe’s Faust , Faust selling his soul to the satan in return for power over the bodily world can also be typically interpreted as a metaphor for the adoption of business know-how.
In physics , the discovery of nuclear fission has led to each nuclear weapons and nuclear energy Computers were also invented and later miniaturized utilizing transistors and built-in circuits Info expertise subsequently led to the creation of the Internet , which ushered in the current Data Age Humans have additionally been able to explore area with satellites (later used for telecommunication ) and in manned missions going all the way to the moon.
This comprehensive open-access encyclopedia, authored by Dr. Rüdiger Paschotta and offered by RP Photonics Consulting GmbH , explains the bodily principles and common methods in laser technology, whereas additionally covering main areas of fiber-optic technology and nonlinear optics , and addressing supplementary subjects like ultrashort pulses, optical communications, normal optics, optoelectronics, and quantum optics.
Internet of Science and Scopus are multidisciplinary reference databases that offer details about articles as well as their connections by the use of citations and references. Scholarly articles are written by experts in a selected tutorial discipline and intended for a tutorial viewers.